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     How Best to Read or Listen to The Prophets


A) The Split in the Jewish Nation


     The split in the Jewish Nation began after the reign of King Solomon. Solomon broke his relationship with the Lord when he worshipped other gods. The Nation was split into 2 parts. One in the North, known as Israel, consisted of 10 tribes. While the other in the South, known as Judah, consisted of 2 tribes.

     The history of the Jewish Nation can be divided into 3 Parts namely the Pre-Exile stage, the Exile stage, and the Post-Exile stage.


1)              First stage of the Jewish Nation---The Pre-Exile (Disruption, Dispersion and Deportation)



2) Second stage of the Jewish Nation---The Exile (Captivity)


·         Israel was invaded by Assyria around 740 B.C.

·         Judah was invaded by Babylon. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon captured Jerusalem in 586 B.C.

·         The whole Jewish Nation was sent into exile in Babylon for 70 years

·         After that, Persia conquered Babylon around 539 B.C and the King of Persia, Cyrus the Great  passed a decree that the Jews can return to Jerusalem.

·         Over 3,000,000 Jews chose to remain in exile, with only some 50,000 Jews, mainly priests returned to Jerusalem to build the Temple in the first migration back.


3) Third stage of the Jewish Nation---The Post-Exile (The Remnants)




B) The Prophets


The books of the prophets in the Bible can best be read in 3 parts:


I) First Part---Pre-Exilic Prophets


1) Hosea      Minor Prophet

2) Joel       Minor Prophet

3) Amos       Minor Prophet

4) Jonah      Minor Prophet

5) Micah      Minor Prophet

6) Nahum      Minor Prophet

7) Habakkuk   Minor Prophet

8) Zephaniah  Minor Prophet

9) Isaiah     Major Prophet

10) Jeremiah  Major Prophet


     All the above prophets kept telling the Jews to repent and return to worship the Lord. Unless they take heed of the prophets warning they will be exiled.


II)         Second Part---Exilic Prophets


1)     Ezekiel     Major Prophet

2)     Daniel      Major Prophet

3)     Obadiah     Minor Prophet


  III) Third Part---Post-Exilic Prophets


1)     Haggai      Minor Prophet

2)     Zechariah   Minor Prophet

3)     Malachi     Minor Prophet (The last book in the Old Testament, around 440 B.C.)


 Plus 3 Post-Exilic Historical Books


1)     Ezra

2)     Nehemiah

3)     Esther


The books of Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Ezra and Nehemiah were written for the Remnants of the some 60,000 Jews that retuned to Jerusalem, after their exile in Babylon.

While the book of Esther was written about the 3,000,000 Jews that chose to remain in exile in Babylon.



C) Timeline of Jewish History during the Biblical Period


     According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, the timeline of Jewish History during the Biblical period are:


King Saul                        1047 B.C to 1007 B.C


King David                       1037 B.C to 970 B.C


King Solomon                     1001 B.C to 931 B.C


Kingdom of Jeroboam               930 B.C to 910 B.C


Split between Israel and Judah    920 B.C


Prophesy of Isaiah               740 B.C to 700 B.C


Kingdom of Israel falls to Assyria 740 B.C to 722 B.C


King Hezekiah of Judah            715 B.C to 687 B.C


Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzar,

the Babylonian King               586 B.C


Jews return to Jerusalem,

by permission of Cyrus of Persia  539 B.C


Ezra comes to Jerusalem           460 B.C



(For general information, as the Persian Empire gradually declined, Alexander the Great came into power and led the Greek armies against Persia and conquered it around 331 B.C. After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C, the Greek Empire broke up and was replaced by Roman rule around 230 B.C. The Romans were in control during the time of Jesus Christ.)


D) Pastor Ed Miller's Sermons on The Prophets


You can download the MP3 Audio Sermons of Ed Miller in his website into your computer and listen or burn them into CD for later easier listening by clicking on the download links below.




   Prophet Overview 01 Introduction    (download)


   Prophet Overview 02 Outline Of History    (download)


   Prophet Overview 03 Reason For The Fall    (download)


   Prophet Overview 04 Chastening    (download)


   Prophet Overview 05 Restoration    (download)


   Prophet Overview 06 Babylon    (download)


   The Prophets 01 Introduction    (download)


   The Prophets 02 Introduction cont. “What is a Prophet?”    (download)


   The Prophets 03 The History    (download)


   The Prophets 04 Behind The History    (download)


   The Prophets 05 Egypt    (download)


   The Prophets 07 Cyrus Pure Grace    (download)


   The Prophets 08 Restoration    (download)


   The Prophets 09 Esther    (download)


   The Prophets 10 Restoration The Wall    (download)


   The Prophets 11 The Wall Conclusion    (download)



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