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How Best to Read or Listen to The Prophets
A) The Split in the Jewish Nation
The split in the Jewish Nation began after the reign of King Solomon. Solomon broke his relationship with the Lord when he worshipped other gods. The Nation was split into 2 parts. One in the North, known as Israel, consisted of 10 tribes. While the other in the South, known as Judah, consisted of 2 tribes.
The history of the Jewish Nation can be divided into 3 Parts namely the Pre-Exile stage, the Exile stage, and the Post-Exile stage.
1) First stage of the Jewish Nation---The Pre-Exile (Disruption, Dispersion and Deportation)
2) Second stage of the Jewish Nation---The Exile (Captivity)
· Israel was invaded by Assyria around 740 B.C.
· Judah was invaded by Babylon. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon captured Jerusalem in 586 B.C.
· The whole Jewish Nation was sent into exile in Babylon for 70 years
· After that, Persia conquered Babylon around 539 B.C and the King of Persia, Cyrus the Great passed a decree that the Jews can return to Jerusalem.
· Over 3,000,000 Jews chose to remain in exile, with only some 50,000 Jews, mainly priests returned to Jerusalem to build the Temple in the first migration back.
3) Third stage of the Jewish Nation---The Post-Exile (The Remnants)
B) The Prophets
The books of the prophets in the Bible can best be read in 3 parts:
I) First Part---Pre-Exilic Prophets
1) Hosea Minor Prophet
2) Joel Minor Prophet
3) Amos Minor Prophet
4) Jonah Minor Prophet
5) Micah Minor Prophet
6) Nahum Minor Prophet
7) Habakkuk Minor Prophet
8) Zephaniah Minor Prophet
9) Isaiah Major Prophet
10) Jeremiah Major Prophet
All the above prophets kept telling the Jews to repent and return to worship the Lord. Unless they take heed of the prophets warning they will be exiled.
II) Second Part---Exilic Prophets
1) Ezekiel Major Prophet
2) Daniel Major Prophet
3) Obadiah Minor Prophet
III) Third Part---Post-Exilic Prophets
1) Haggai Minor Prophet
2) Zechariah Minor Prophet
3) Malachi Minor Prophet (The last book in the Old Testament, around 440 B.C.)
Plus 3 Post-Exilic Historical Books
The books of Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Ezra and Nehemiah were written for the Remnants of the some 60,000 Jews that retuned to Jerusalem, after their exile in Babylon.
While the book of Esther was written about the 3,000,000 Jews that chose to remain in exile in Babylon.
C) Timeline of Jewish History during the Biblical Period
According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, the timeline of Jewish History during the Biblical period are:
King Saul 1047 B.C to 1007 B.C
King David 1037 B.C to 970 B.C
King Solomon 1001 B.C to 931 B.C
Kingdom of Jeroboam 930 B.C to 910 B.C
Split between Israel and Judah 920 B.C
Prophesy of Isaiah 740 B.C to 700 B.C
Kingdom of Israel falls to Assyria 740 B.C to 722 B.C
King Hezekiah of Judah 715 B.C to 687 B.C
Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzar,
the Babylonian King 586 B.C
Jews return to Jerusalem,
by permission of Cyrus of Persia 539 B.C
Ezra comes to Jerusalem 460 B.C
(For general information, as the Persian Empire gradually declined, Alexander the Great came into power and led the Greek armies against Persia and conquered it around 331 B.C. After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C, the Greek Empire broke up and was replaced by Roman rule around 230 B.C. The Romans were in control during the time of Jesus Christ.)
D) Pastor Ed Miller's Sermons on The Prophets
You can download the MP3 Audio Sermons of Ed Miller in his website www.biblestudyministriesinc.net into your computer and listen or burn them into CD for later easier listening by clicking on the download links below.
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